Solubility: the miscibility of two or more substances with one another; the amount of a solute which can dissolve in a given amount of a solvent at a specific temperature.
Factors Determining Solubility:
- Intermolecular forces of attraction (IMFA): polar substances are soluble with other polar substances; nonpolar substances are miscible with nonpolar substances; polar and nonpolar do not mix. This is known as the “like dissolves like” phenomenon.
- Solubility ionization constant (Ksp): determines the extent of solubility
- Solubility rules (below)