Types of Chemical Reactions

Precipitation Reactions: produce an insoluble solid product called a precipitate when two or more aqueous solutions are combined.

Acid Base Neutralization Reactions: produce salt, water, and sometimes a gas when an acid and base react with and neutralize one another; typically exothermic.

Oxidation-Reduction Reactions: electron transfer reactions; one substance loses electrons while the other gains electrons; charges will change; typically exothermic and gas producing.

Combustion Reactions: exothermic reactions producing carbon dioxide, water, and heat (flame) when hydrocarbons, metals, or nonmetals are reacted with molecular oxygen (O2).

Gas Producing Reactions: involve the formation of a gas, vary but a few basic types include 1. combustion reactions (produced CO2), 2. carbonate ion-acid reactions (produce CO2), 3. acid-metal redox reactions (produce H2), 4. ammonium-hydroxide decomposition (produces NH3), 5. carbonic acid decomposition (produces CO2), 6. sulfite-acid reaction (produces SO2)

  1. 2C6H6 (l)+ 15O2 (g) → 12CO2 (g) + 6H2O (l)
  2. CaCO3 (s) + 2HCl (aq) → CaCl2 (aq) + H2O (l) + CO2 (g)
  3. Mg (s) + 2HCl (aq) → MgCl2 (aq) + H2 (g)
  4. NH4OH (aq) ↔ NH3 (g) + H2O (l)
  5. H2CO3 (aq) → H2O (l) + CO2 (g)
  6. K2SO3 (s) + 2HCl → SO2 (g) + 2KCl (aq) + H2O (l)
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